The Average US Computer Science Grad Outperforms China and India's Elites

The Average US Computer Science Grad Outperforms China and India's Elites
    Three years ago, President Barack Obama entered the growing digital economy. The $ 4 billion "Computer Science for All" initiative was launched to enable students from kindergarten to high school to acquire computer science skills. The program also quietly addressed growing concern among policymakers that the United States is not producing enough first-class computer experts for their emerging counterparts such as China and India. Fortunately, a new study suggests, these fears may be exaggerated.

    "There was no great understanding of how successful computer science programs at college - where most of the training of computer professionals seriously begin - provide students with computer science skills," says Brancant Loyolka, a Stanford University researcher.

    The results of the new study show that American computer science graduates still outnumber their counterparts in China, Russia and India, the three countries that produce more than half of computer science graduates around the world with the United States. It is a discovery that should bring some comfort to those who worry that America's competitive advantage in technology, especially with regard to China, may be over. Over the weekend, the New York Times published a new report indicating that.

    To access these new results, published on Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Loyolka, together with researchers from Berkeley, the World Bank, and the Education Test Service, spent nearly three years assessing skills levels of older adults, graduating from the University. computer science. For the data, the researchers looked at scores of more than 8,000 students who sat for a two-hour exam designed by the nonprofit ETS. Instead of a particular language such as Python, Lidia Liu explained to ETS leader "Inverse", ETS used the "pseudo-code" test also to evaluate information management skills, software engineering and proficiency with programming algorithms, as well as other complexities. The idea was to develop a framework for how the test would deal with the "basic principles of coding".

    Liu explains that the team had no preconceived ideas to study.

    "We knew that the United States was a very advanced country in computer science, and generally in technology, science, technology, engineering and technology," Liu said. She also referred to the efforts made by the governments of China, Russia and India, all of which focused on developing the best global rankings for computer science graduates.

    Some of these efforts seem to bear fruit: the United States no longer extracts as many computer science graduates as its global competitors. China and India each produce nearly three times the number of major CS companies produced by the United States. But despite the institutional focus on computer science graduates, the study found that US graduates outnumber their peers from China, Russia and India. Not just a little performance.

    Liu said: "a little" is an understatement.

    The performance of American students in intermediate CS programs (as in non-elite) was better than Russian, Indian and Chinese students. When comparing outstanding students from each country, American students rose before the package. The results were dramatic enough to surprise the researchers, including Tara Beetle, who served as the team leader for the World Bank's Technical Education Quality Improvement Initiative with the Indian government.

    "We did not expect to see our elite colleges, not just India, but China and Russia, so far behind elite colleges in the United States," Beteille told Inverse.

    Although a follow-up study that would light up the "cause" behind the study results, both Beteille and Liu doubt that American students going to university, on their first day, are actually better prepared than their global counterparts. All these fourth grade "breakthrough"? All coding classes? They work. Therefore, although Indian students may make big strides once they reach the higher education environment, the main advantage is that long-term investment in early computer science skills may help create an insurmountable gap.

    Bettel hopes the results of this study, the first of its kind to provide direct evidence of learning, will spur all four governments to consider a more holistic approach to education to look at the huge number of computer science graduates or even jobs, The quality of their education.

    "Classifications do not really measure the student's learning or skills," Petel said. "What do students really learn?"

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